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Ed in Houston

How was your winter?

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Ed in Houston

Here is a short summary of the 2015-16 winter (December, January, February) for Houston Hobby Airport.

                       Highest      Lowest      Avg. High        Avg. Low      T. Departure         Precipitation    P. Departure

December:         83              40               70.6               52.2             +5.8                   3.49                -.54

January:             78              34               63.8               44.2             -0.1                    2.51                -1.36

February:           81              36               71.4               49.7             +3.3                   1.66                -1.55

In summary it was a sunny and mild 10a winter. I will be ordering the same for next winter.

Ed in Houston

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Austinpalm

Very warm winter here in Austin as well. Bergstrom International (the cold spot) recorded a low of 27F this winter. In town, 34F was the recorded low.

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RedRabbit

Warm here as well...

Dec- who cares, wasn't cold

Jan- 36.5 (prob 34 in the open yard)

Feb- 39 

Edited by RedRabbit

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_Keith

Mildest in my decades old memory.   6 inch bananas on the trees.   Unprotected Bougainvillea that never stopped blooming.  Mango and Papaya seedlings in unprotected pots still alive, with leaves.  Tabasco peppers fruited all winter and still going.  I have seen mild ones, but never one this mild.

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Pete in Paradise Hills

Bad winter by San Diego standards. No extreme lows but a lot more sustained chill than last winter, plus some crazy winds that did damage...

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Palmaceae

We had a 11/A-11/B winter here in Cape Coral, but as I mentioned in another thread we still had some minor damage which more than likely had to do with the strong cold winds we experienced.

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Alicante

I'll use the station from the beach as the official station from the city only records the last 7 days and only makes data for professional use:

Gandia, Spain. Located about 38º 58'N in the Mediterranean Sea. We are at zone 10b/11a, but this year appears like 11a/11b:

                       Highest        Lowest      Avg. High        Avg. Low      Avg. Temperature      Precipitation (mm)   

December:  23.8ºC/74.85F    8.0ºC/46.4F    18.2ºC/64.76F   10.4ºC/50.54F   14.3ºC/57.74F   0.0mm              

January:      24.6ºC /76.28F   5.1ºC/41.18F  18.4ºC/65.12F   11.8ºC/53.24F   15.1ºC/59.18F   1.5mm/0.06in             

February:    24.7ºC/76.46F    4.4ºC/39.93F  18.7ºC/65.67F   11.4ºC/52.52F   15.05ºC/59.09F  6.4mm/0.25in

March (3 days): 25.6ºC/78.1F  9.5ºC/49.1F  21.3ºC/70.34F  12.1ºC/53.78F  16.7ºC/62.06F  0.0mm

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Alicehunter2000

Hooray for 10a here on the northwest coast of Florida ............ I am thrilled. This will be the first time since moving into my beach home that we have had a mild winter....we barely touched freezing on a couple  of occasions. Still have banana trees and elephant ears! ..... gonna be some crazy growth this year!

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palmsOrl

10a winter here as usual.  What was atypical was the bizarrely warm/hot November/December which literally featured no chilly/cold weather whatsoever.  January and February have been slightly below average, with several near freezing nights and 1-2 nights that were at or just below freezing at my location.  Somewhat widespread frost occurred several times as well.  Many of my zone 10b palms show minor cosmetic cold damage and a few have moderate damage.  The same is the case with many of my other tropical plants in the ground.  Like others have said, I think the cold winds played a role as well as frost formation in open areas.  I only lost one small palm, a Pacific tall Cocos, but it was weakened already.  As of today, my Areca catechu looks rough, but definitely alive.

Overall, not that bad at all when compared to other winters in the past 10-15 years.  Historically speaking, this winter would be considered to be about as warm as they get in my area.

Now my concern is the lack of rain.  It is getting really dry here and no significant rain is in the forecast.  I was hoping for a wet spring.  Oh well.

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Matthew92
16 hours ago, _Keith said:

Mildest in my decades old memory.   6 inch bananas on the trees.   Unprotected Bougainvillea that never stopped blooming.  Mango and Papaya seedlings in unprotected pots still alive, with leaves.  Tabasco peppers fruited all winter and still going.  I have seen mild ones, but never one this mild.

Wow I can't believe how much warmer it was in Southern Louisiana than the FL Panhandle!

2 hours ago, Alicehunter2000 said:

Hooray for 10a here on the northwest coast of Florida ............ I am thrilled. This will be the first time since moving into my beach home that we have had a mild winter....we barely touched freezing on a couple  of occasions. Still have banana trees and elephant ears! ..... gonna be some crazy growth this year!

Your beach micro-climate saved you. I'm just a little less than 10 miles due north of Destin on the mainland and less than a mile from the bayou. December was 10a (incredible) But then in January it got near/at/or a little(minus the cold night) below freezing close to 10 times with heavy frost with about 5 of those events. Hit 28 degrees 3 or 4 times with the cold night getting to 25 which was disappointing. In all though, this 9b winter was an absolutely wonderful relief from the past two years of high teens. Amazing to think if I had a queen in the ground it would have survived! Didn't have to cover the citrus at all. Philodendron selloum no damage. Strelitzia nicolai only moderate burn, and even though my bananas were very fried, the leaves have already resumed growing at the top: so at least I won't lose their height.

Edited by Opal92

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Firepalm

Unfortunately, it was worse than normal here in San Diego.  It has been all over the map as far as highs and lows, but we had a severe wind storm followed up by two nights of frost at my place in Oceanside that did a lot of damage.  I've been at my current location for six winters now and this is the first time I have seen palms damaged by cold.  

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gsytch

Here in New Port Richey, Tampa Bay, coastal Pasco county, it was another 10a winter with two nights at about 34F with light frost in open areas only. Overall, we went below 40F six times. February was chilly but not cold, with many 40;s at night and 60;s for daytime highs. Wet January followed by a normal February but very dry the past 10 days as iun almost zero rainfall. Some of the most wicked, sustained windy weather that persisted for days. No damage on anything. Papayas still fruiting. Mangoes about the size of a golf ball now way up high at 40 plus feet on the tree. My Fishtail towers over the house so no hope of pruning anything on that monster anymore. My Triangle out front has multiple flower branches and ripening seed. Nice specimen at 25 plus feet. Mule Plam trunking nicely. Impatiens blooming all winter long. It is predicted to begin a warm up next week with 80's all week long, so spring has arrived! Rain would be a nice finish. :lol:

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JLeVert

Lowest for me all winter was 27F.  That happened once and then there was another night or two at 29F.  Couldn't be happier.  Bananas pushing out new growth already, camellias have been spectacular and loads of great citrus to eat all winter.  I vote for this type of winter every year.  Also, we had tons (no exaggeration) of rain and the Savannah River has been pretty high for months. 

IMG_0590.jpg

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SubTropicRay

Fantastic.  The stretch of consecutive freeze free years is now at 6.

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palmsOrl

I'm telling you Ray, it's the new normal.  Orlando officially had 7 years between January 2003 and January 2010 without a freeze.  Then since 2011, we have been as low as 30F, depending on the official reporting station you check, but no significant freezes (below 30F) have occurred in the city.  Perhaps gone are the days where freezes were an annual occurrence?

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Palmaceae
15 minutes ago, palmsOrl said:

I'm telling you Ray, it's the new normal.  Orlando officially had 7 years between January 2003 and January 2010 without a freeze.  Then since 2011, we have been as low as 30F, depending on the official reporting station you check, but no significant freezes (below 30F) have occurred in the city.  Perhaps gone are the days where freezes were an annual occurrence?

I pray you are correct but if you look at the history of bad freezes we often get breaks such as this, then reality hits.  Living through the freezes in the 80's sort of scarred me permanently :D.  Even though that was a bad decade, just look back at history and you will sometimes see long breaks of freezing weather. I just don't want people to be shocked when a bad freeze happens again as it will, unfortunately. So lets enjoy this nice break as long as we can! 

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Matthew92
1 hour ago, Palmaceae said:

I pray you are correct but if you look at the history of bad freezes we often get breaks such as this, then reality hits.  Living through the freezes in the 80's sort of scarred me permanently :D.  Even though that was a bad decade, just look back at history and you will sometimes see long breaks of freezing weather. I just don't want people to be shocked when a bad freeze happens again as it will, unfortunately. So lets enjoy this nice break as long as we can! 

I wasn't alive then, but researching and hearing about those 80's freezes scares me: single digits in N. FL!!!!! It's no wonder you look around this area and the only old palms (30+ years old) you see are pindos, sabals, and saw palmettos. I am already coming up in my head what kind of landscape plan I'm going to have making sure the backbone is stuff that can survive a similar freeze. 

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Matthew92

This winter was also delightful in the sense that while it was a mild 9b, the more northern deciduous trees (flowering pears, maples, cherries, redbuds, etc.) didn't get confused from too much warm temps making them flower in early February or something. The cold came right in the middle of winter with the freezes evenly spaced out through January. Through February plenty of nights well into the 40's for good chilling hours, most things are really waking up about now. Just noticed today buds swelling on dogwoods, and the Chinese elms. Also, a nice mature group of Bradford pears near my place are getting ready to have a spectacular bloom out.

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Palmaceae
18 minutes ago, Opal92 said:

I wasn't alive then, but researching and hearing about those 80's freezes scares me: single digits in N. FL!!!!! It's no wonder you look around this area and the only old palms (30+ years old) you see are pindos, sabals, and saw palmettos. I am already coming up in my head what kind of landscape plan I'm going to have making sure the backbone is stuff that can survive a similar freeze. 

:D now I know I am old!

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NorCalKing
1 hour ago, palmsOrl said:

I'm telling you Ray, it's the new normal.  Orlando officially had 7 years between January 2003 and January 2010 without a freeze.  Then since 2011, we have been as low as 30F, depending on the official reporting station you check, but no significant freezes (below 30F) have occurred in the city.  Perhaps gone are the days where freezes were an annual occurrence?

Sadly you're dreaming if you think the big freezes are over for good. It's simply a case of very cold air over the arctic (polar vortex type stuff) being timed with a dip in the jet stream and boom! Mid to low 20's. Until the arctic warms there's always going to be a risk.

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nachocarl

All over the map, everything from cold, windy hailstorm to hot dry summer like conditions,  but mild for the most part.  I think I have frost damage on one plumeria and that is it.  It is kind of weird since none of the others were touched and none of the Bougainvillea ever looked phased, Nepenthes grew right through the winter and is flowering now.  I have a tomato that is still producing from last year. 

Just for fun, the back of the Dypsis pembana spear reads like a map of the cold weather events this winter. each represented by the dark patches on it.  The last one was the big storm that came through at the beginning of Feb.  I observed this same phenomenon on a Dypsis plumosa in my old yard and have not seen this on any other palm.

 

Jan: Rain

Feb: No Rain

Mar: Rain?

20160304_161141_resized.jpg

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Palm crazy

This might be my last warm winter, do for a cold one in a year or two. This years low was colder at 19F in January, 32F twice in February.  I started putting the semi hardy foliage pots out in mid February. And there is so much in bloom right now it awesome, native and otherwise blooming early.  Peach tree is almost ready to bloom, other trees are in full bloom. 

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displaced_floridian

Here in Escondido the absolute minimum was 31.4 at my place, and about 15 nights in the 30s.  Being 20 miles inland, the daily spread of temps is about 25-30 degrees. Average in December (coldest month)  is 68/41; in August (hottest month) it's 89/63.

 

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RedRabbit
9 hours ago, palmsOrl said:

I'm telling you Ray, it's the new normal.  Orlando officially had 7 years between January 2003 and January 2010 without a freeze.  Then since 2011, we have been as low as 30F, depending on the official reporting station you check, but no significant freezes (below 30F) have occurred in the city.  Perhaps gone are the days where freezes were an annual occurrence?

I'm comfortable with thinking Orlando and Tampa probably won't see a temperature below 20f again, but we'll probably see 25f... Unfortunately it doesn't matter too much how warm we are 7yrs in a row if we get down into the mid 20s during the 8th year. Taking climate change into consideration, who can really say for sure.

It is kind of odd to think we all have an interest in global warming. I wouldn't mind if Tampa is at 10b in 20yrs and Miami is at 11b, but I've got a feeling that wouldn't come consequence free. 

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displaced_floridian

A couple of winters ago, most of the Great Lakes froze over.  It made big news.  Back in the 1950s-1970s, it was routine for the lakes to freeze.

That is a major climate shift.

Also consider this:  When the Titanic sank in April 12, 1914, the ocean temp in the vicinity was 34*.  Now, at the same time of the year, it

averages 50*.

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SubTropicRay

I always tell people the 1980's, much like the 1890's, are the anomaly and not the other way around.  Multiple episodes of temps in the low/mid20's in central Florida and repeated 29-32F temps at Miami's airport are very unusual especially in the span of 10 years.  Of course bad freezes will occur again but I for one am convinced the frequency of these events has decreased.  I looked historically at Tampa's records since 1890 and the last 25 years have unprecedented warmth.  Not by coincidence, this coincides with the warmest global temps in the 150 years or so that we have reliable weather records.  Manmade or not the climate is changing.  It probably won't be immensely noticeable until long after I'm dead and gone but the climate is definitely changing.

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Palmaceae
2 hours ago, SubTropicRay said:

I always tell people the 1980's, much like the 1890's, are the anomaly and not the other way around.  Multiple episodes of temps in the low/mid20's in central Florida and repeated 29-32F temps at Miami's airport are very unusual especially in the span of 10 years.  Of course bad freezes will occur again but I for one am convinced the frequency of these events has decreased.  I looked historically at Tampa's records since 1890 and the last 25 years have unprecedented warmth.  Not by coincidence, this coincides with the warmest global temps in the 150 years or so that we have reliable weather records.  Manmade or not the climate is changing.  It probably won't be immensely noticeable until long after I'm dead and gone but the climate is definitely changing.

Understood, and even though that was not normal, it was normal to me living through those times. It happened before and it will happen again, albeit maybe not as often. There we times like in the 40's and early 50's that people thought wow, we are having some good years, then reality hit. Then same thing after '62, some good years then 1977 hit.  Sure the climate is changing, it always has and always will, we may be on the warmer side of that change but that can change, as it has happened before.

Believe me I am hoping that we stay with the warmer winters, but I have heard this before, even when I moved to Florida in 1980. They said the last big freeze was in '77, we should be good for another decade at least. Living in St Pete trying to grow my collection, was extremely difficult in the 80's. I was involved with Kopsick at the time and it was a tough decade. I was in the City Beautiful Commission in St Pete in the 80's trying to push them to grow more tropical palms, and it did not happen because of the numerous freezes. So that was my reality and not sure how many people on this forum were growing palms in the 80's. Of course during that decade people stopping growing most tropicals and turned to hardier species. During the 80's you could not find a coconut in St Pete except at Kopsick and a couple in very special micoclimates, and I could count them on 1 hand. Dr. Young in Tampa lost a lot of his palms during that decade.

Tom P. (Palmateer) on this forum had his Cuban laurel freeze to the ground and had it removed as he got tired of it looking so bad, even though it looked great before the 80's.

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Palmaceae

I also wanted to mention I worked at Disney from '90 to '96 in Horticulture. I was the palm and orchid specialist there and was responsible for the Mexico pavilion during the EPCOT Flower and Garden Festival. I was the main person who decided what would be planted at the new Animal Kingdom in regards to palms. The Animal Kingdom was being built at the time and it was my job to tell the powers at be what palms we could grow and fit with the African theme. A lot got shut down because they all had the memory of the 80's. But now you see many more tropical palms at Disney that were only a dream 20-30 years ago, and those are the palms I was trying to push in the 90's.

Just like now, we all have memories of the last 6 years of nice warm weather weather, so we say sure we can grow these tropicals. But unfortunately we will get hit again, will it be as bad as the 80's, probably not but we can not say for sure as it is out of our control.

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displaced_floridian

I believe the earth has a way of maintaining homeostasis.  When it heats up to a certain point, negative feedback will kick in. Warmer oceans means more evaporation, greater cloud cover, until it is enough to limit incoming solar heating leading to a tipping point and reversal to cooling. It may be sudden, and no one knows when (or if) it will happen. When it comes to future freezes in FL, all bets are off.

Edited by displaced_floridian
revision

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Silas_Sancona

Despite the one or two days we bottomed out at/around 34f, I'd agree that this was an easy winter with much more growth than I'd anticipated. Certainly never expected to celebrate Christmas by bbq since it felt more like late June than December.

At the same time, I was glad that it finally cooled off to slow down everything.  

Looking at any damage I'd see traveling to and from work in Sarasota, or just around Bradenton, I'm thinking it was the prolonged episodes of wind that damaged all the local palms and more tender stuff. 

Beyond cosmetic, have to agree with Ray and others that winter 2015-16 was a breeze for Florida. Traveling on the road atm, I've yet to see any real cold damage to palms I have passed along the way. 

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Mr. Coconut Palm
On ‎3‎/‎2‎/‎2016‎ ‎10‎:‎03‎:‎59‎, Austinpalm said:

Very warm winter here in Austin as well. Bergstrom International (the cold spot) recorded a low of 27F this winter. In town, 34F was the recorded low.

Hey Clay,

I got down to 33.6F here at my place a while back.  I can't imagine that Austin, even with the heat island effect in town could be warmer than my place near the water here in Corpus Christi.  When I was younger, Austin was definitely 8B, and I don't think it was a high end 8B either.

Anyway, on my thread about Coconut Palms in the RGV, Oliver posted photos of his producing Coconut Palm that he planted 10 years ago at his office in Brownsville.  He has gotten 3 viable nuts that sprouted from it over the last 2 years, so now we know that South Texas Coconut Palms can produce viable nuts, at least in the lower part of the RGV.

John

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Cindy Adair

Best winter ever for me! In western Puerto Rico at about 900 ft. I need no heat, as the low recorded outside on my porch before dawn was 66 F last September. Next lowest temperature was (many nights) 68 F.

Highest at that spot ( in the shade) was 88 F which I got many times until February. Since then the high probably 85 F.

So only ceiling fans off or on as needed all year round.

Sometimes when it is really "cold" like 70 F or below, I do close the window shutters just to my bedroom at night...

So much better than VA where the average winter low was 20 F and I recall it hitting 0 F one winter. Plus hotter there in the summer.

Plants like the temps here too!

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Palmaceae
2 minutes ago, Cindy Adair said:

Best winter ever for me! In western Puerto Rico at about 900 ft. I need no heat, as the low recorded outside on my porch before dawn was 66 F last September. Next lowest temperature was (many nights) 68 F.

Highest at that spot ( in the shade) was 88 F which I got many times until February. Since then the high probably 85 F.

So only ceiling fans off or on as needed all year round.

Sometimes when it is really "cold" like 70 F or below, I do close the window shutters just to my bedroom at night...

So much better than VA where the average winter low was 20 F and I recall it hitting 0 F one winter. Plus hotter there in the summer.

Plants like the temps here too!

Now that is a perfect winter!

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Mr. Coconut Palm
On ‎3‎/‎3‎/‎2016‎ ‎8‎:‎20‎:‎33‎, pRoeZa* said:

I'll use the station from the beach as the official station from the city only records the last 7 days and only makes data for professional use:

Gandia, Spain. Located about 38º 58'N in the Mediterranean Sea. We are at zone 10b/11a, but this year appears like 11a/11b:

                       Highest        Lowest      Avg. High        Avg. Low      Avg. Temperature      Precipitation (mm)   

December:  23.8ºC/74.85F    8.0ºC/46.4F    18.2ºC/64.76F   10.4ºC/50.54F   14.3ºC/57.74F   0.0mm              

January:      24.6ºC /76.28F   5.1ºC/41.18F  18.4ºC/65.12F   11.8ºC/53.24F   15.1ºC/59.18F   1.5mm/0.06in             

February:    24.7ºC/76.46F    4.4ºC/39.93F  18.7ºC/65.67F   11.4ºC/52.52F   15.05ºC/59.09F  6.4mm/0.25in

March (3 days): 25.6ºC/78.1F  9.5ºC/49.1F  21.3ºC/70.34F  12.1ºC/53.78F  16.7ºC/62.06F  0.0mm

Proeza,

With normal winter time temps like that you could probably try growing a Jamaican Tall (Atlantic Tall) Coconut Palm in a protected area on the south side of a house or building, especially a two story house, where it could get some protection from winter winds and some good winter time sunshine to help heat it up.

John

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Alicante
23 hours ago, Mr. Coconut Palm said:

Proeza,

With normal winter time temps like that you could probably try growing a Jamaican Tall (Atlantic Tall) Coconut Palm in a protected area on the south side of a house or building, especially a two story house, where it could get some protection from winter winds and some good winter time sunshine to help heat it up.

John

I hope to find one in a nursery this Spring or this Summer!

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Mr. Coconut Palm
2 hours ago, pRoeZa* said:

I hope to find one in a nursery this Spring or this Summer!

Proeza,

What are the normal highs and lows in F in areas like Cartagena and Malaga in the winter time?  I Would think that a Jamaican Tall (Atlantic Tall) Coconut Palm would do fairly well there in a good south facing microclimate.

John

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_Keith
On 3/3/2016, 1:06:30, Opal92 said:

Wow I can't believe how much warmer it was in Southern Louisiana than the FL Panhandle!

We are generally warmer than the Panhandle for 3-5 degrees, but this was an exceptional year.  Houston is generally 2-4 degrees warmer than here, but not this year.   As I said before, in any give winter it is where the tip of the dip on any given front lands.

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Hammer

Here in Orange County, CA November was summer like.  December got COLD.  There was no transition between summer and winter and many plants never had time to adjust to cooling temps.

December was rough. Had about 10 days in a row with frost or the threat of frost. Definitely saw damage to Musa, Heliconia and Ensete. Ficus dammaropsis got hit but is growing out pretty fast. Even a Kentiopsis got dinged. 

After December the night temps bounced back up into the upper 40s and low 50s again.  Then suddenly slammed back down again into the 30s for a couple nights that yielded the most frost damage to date.  I was really unprepared for this round 2.

Wind was problem too.  Ensete were heat damaged in summer, then shredded by wind, then frost damaged. They are STARTING to recover now.

After that, lows have been steady at night in the upper 40s and low 50s.  

Many signs the garden is back and winter is done.  Many spears pushing and cracking already.

All in all, a fairly normal winter but with some harsh spikes in cold and wind.  With one cold spike that lasted about 2x longer than normal.

A solid reminder that my microclimate is 10a and this winter lived up to that reality. 

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smithgn
On ‎3‎/‎3‎/‎2016‎ ‎11‎:‎24‎:‎14‎, Alicehunter2000 said:

Hooray for 10a here on the northwest coast of Florida ............ I am thrilled. This will be the first time since moving into my beach home that we have had a mild winter....we barely touched freezing on a couple  of occasions. Still have banana trees and elephant ears! ..... gonna be some crazy growth this year!

Good for you David, just the year you needed to get some good growth and show the potential of your area. Right now, I'm clinging onto a 9A winter. Very mild. January was pretty much consistently cold. February not so bad and here we are into a mild March.

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Alicehunter2000

Thanks Nick.....this black stem banana lost its leaves this winter but managed to do this! ...... going to fruit for sure unless we get some freaky freeze this spring.

2016-03-07 18.01.33.jpg

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    • UK_Palms
      By UK_Palms
      I may have to crack out the shorts next week for work. My written rule is that anything over 16C / 61F is typically shorts and t-shirt weather in my line of work. Otherwise I will overheat if I am working in jeans and a hoodie inside the warehouse. Those forecasted nighttime temperatures are ridiculous as well for 51N during the last week of December. I would expect nighttime lows of 13-14C in July, let alone late December. Some model runs are putting the nighttime lows at 15C for Wednesday and Thursday following a high of 18C / 64F on Wednesday! 

       
      14C at 850hPa translates to about 17-18C at ground level. It will be interesting to see just how warm it gets, especially if some eastern places also benefit from a Foehn effect too. Potentially 20C / 68F in a few eastern locations, although I find that hard to believe during the last week of December at 51-54N. Probably 18C maximum. If we had a setup like this in July it would bring 35C+ temperatures. 

       
      The consistency of the ensemble runs is remarkable! I have never seen a set of ensemble runs so consistent like this. It looks like this warm/mild spell is nailed on now. 

      Here's the ECMWF for Wednesday, which is supposedly going to be the warmest day, although it could be any of Wednesday, Thursday or Friday in theory.

       
      UKMET pumping higher pressure and warm air up from Africa, although the airflow into western Europe and the UK is coming up from the Canary islands specifically.

       
      The GFS model puts Jan 1st / New Years day as the warmest day potentially...

       
      Here's the ECMWF model for New Years day. Both setups looking very similar. Potentially record breaking in many places on the western half of the continent. 

       
      December records, and possibly winter records too, may tumble next week in Spain, UK, France, Netherlands, Germany etc. Watch this space. Daytime maxima and nighttime minima both at threat.
    • Sabal_Louisiana
      By Sabal_Louisiana
      Of the the three major humid subtropical regions of the World:
      The southeastern United States
      East Asia (central and southern China, southern Japan, etc)
      The Pampas of South America (northern Argentina, far southern Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay)
      The last one listed is the least affected by severe cold waves and is also favored biologically since it is contiguous with the Neotropics.
      Even so, I am mildly surprised that the subtropical latitudes of South America are not immune to moderately low temperatures, even brief freezes.
      For instance, at the end of June 2021, a cold snap brought temperatures down to 0.8C at Asuncion and -1 at the airport near Iguazu Falls at the northern tip of Argentina.
      Both locations are inland, away from the coast, but at about the same distance from the equator as Miami, Florida. All time record lows for these places would be around 25F/-4C so I would say that the temps experienced a couple of weeks ago are worthy of note.
      The recent cold appears to be somewhat localized because Porto Alegre, Brazil at 30S latitude, but very close to the Atlantic, got no lower than 5C, even though they had cold rain with a high temp of only 10C on the last day of June.
      Even Buenos Aires, some distance to the south, comparable in latitude to Little Rock or Osaka bottomed out at around 3C. Earlier in the season, B.A. fell to about 1.6C and that is the lowest they've seen this winter so far.
      Like the southern United States, the coldest temperatures of the winter season in warm temperate parts of South America typically occur around or just after the solstice and less so during latter part of the season.
      In East Asia by contrast, February is usually the coldest month.
    • UK_Palms
      By UK_Palms
      So I am not exaggerating when I say that this spring has been the coldest on record and the absolute worst that I have ever endured. It has been absolutely dreadful here, even by UK standards. 
      The whole of the UK and most of Europe has been affected by unseasonably low temperatures for about 6-7 weeks now, since early April. The whole of 2021 has been pretty bad for here and the rest of Europe with below average temperatures and snow/freeze events in both January and February. Although March was okay and marginally above average, temperature-wise, both April and May have turned out to be the coldest spring months on record for the UK and most of Europe. I have spoke to people in their 80's who say that this spring is the worst they have EVER seen.
      April was categorically the coldest April on record ever, given that multiple records have been broken in England, Scotland, Wales and wider UK. 
       
       
      I have never, ever seen snow in April before this year. This is what my Queens looked like when I awoke one morning in mid-April this year... just unbelievable... in April...

       
      Here is the temperature anomalies across Europe for April...

       
      Apart from the Iberian peninsula (Spain & Portugal) and the far northeast Baltic corners of the continent, the whole of Europe has been affected this spring...
       

       
      You can see the massive blue blob over Europe...
       

       
      April was also a very, very dry month with record breaking sunshine levels, hence all the overnight frosts under clear skies. It was just dry, sunny and cold...

       
      While most of Europe has shivered through its coldest spring on record, the Middle East and north Africa has been experiencing the exact opposite with record high temperatures. Consequently the Mediterranean islands in the southeast of Europe, closest to the Middle East and north Africa, have experienced record breaking temperatures. Crete in the far south of Europe saw a low of 30C overnight in April...
       
       
      When you look at April alone, it doesn't seem too bad given that we are outside of winter, meaning no extreme lows, and April is just one month. However the cold snap is continuing well into May as well now with temperatures consistently running about 3C below average across Europe for about 6-7 weeks now.
      Here you can see the temperature anomaly for May so far in the UK...

       
      It was also the coldest May Bank Holiday on record for the UK...
       
       
      Scotland even had snow, IN MAY!!!
       
       
      There have even been multiple tornadoes this month as well...

       
       
      While April was the driest on record, as well as the coldest, May is currently on course to be both the wettest and coldest. We have replaced the sunshine and cool weather of April, with the rain and cool weather of May. We have had constant drizzle, thunder and spells of heavy rain and wind over the past 10 days. It was absolutely vile out today. A mild 14C but just wet and miserable. Shite considering we are 2 weeks outside of summer.
      Monday's figures were absolutely abysmal for mid May...
       
       
      This is the first time on record that we have not gone over 20C during the first two weeks of May. In fact I haven't gone above 20C since the last day of March, when it reached 27C here. As it stands right now, March 30th has been my hottest day this year, which is a testament to how crap this spring has really been.
      On top of that it appears another storm is arriving later this week as well. The last thing we need is more rain and wind. We need some frickin heat!!!
       
       
      The temperatures look absolutely appalling for London this week, in mid-May! Highs of 14C / 57F from Thursday to Monday with another storm in between. However there are signs that it will bet warming up next week with temperatures trending closer to normal, but still no proper warmth at all. I have never seen anything like this in May. It sums up a crap spring in general and a crap 2021, weather-wise!

       
      What is even more unbelievable is that parts of Russia and Siberia are running as much as 25C (50F) above average for the time of year!

       
      I have to give spring 2021 a rating of 1 out of 10, it has genuinely been that bad! I'm praying for a record breaking hot summer. 
    • Tracy
      By Tracy
      La Nina patterns or cooler equatorial sea surface temps from the Central Pacific through to the Easter Tropical Pacific are occurring right now.  These patterns often lead to dry and clear Autumn and Winter weather patterns here in Southern California where I live.  The west coast just experienced a typical La Nina weather pattern last weekend with an inside slider storm coming down the coast with strong winds and leaving us now with cool dry nights and no marine layer.  I hope that this isn't a sign of what is to come as we get deeper into Autumn and enter Winter.  With clear skies, I bottomed out at 39 degrees last night, and even the weather station at Moonlight Beach right on the ocean was reading 43 degrees this morning at first glow. 
      The leaves on my banana plants got pretty beat up, and the Encephalartos laurentiaunus below which is flushing had some leaflets ripped off in the strong winds.  Everything below the wall was protected, while everything above the wall felt the full force of the wind.
      So how are you and your garden doing this during this La Nina Autumn?


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